Wednesday, March 27, 2013


Technology Mediated Learning - Meaning
          'Technology mediated learning' (TML) is an 'umbrella' term, incorporating different approaches to using computers in learning and teaching: computer-aided/assisted learning (CAL), computer-mediated communication (CMC) etc.
          Technology-mediated learning refers to a learning experience that is significantly moderated through the use of information and communication technology.
          Advanced information and communication technology is increasingly viewed as a key resource in enabling Technology-mediated learning in  education.
          E-resources are those resources which include documents in electronic or e-format that can be accessed via Internet in digital library environment.
          E-resources may be delivered on CD-ROM / DVD, over the Internet and so on.
e-Learning - Meaning
          e-Learning is the use of technology to enable people to learn anytime and anywhere.
          E-Learning is the process of delivering formal and informal learning and training activities and events through the use of all electronic media such as Internet, intranet, extranet, CD-ROM, video tape, TV, cell phones, computer technology, etc.
e-Learning - Definition
          “E-learning refers to the use of the internet technologies to deliver a broad array of solutions that enhance knowledge and performance”               -   Rosenberg (2001)
          "E-Learning means the delivery of learning with the assistance of interactive, electronic technology, whether offline or online."
Features & Impact of e-Learning
          Learning is self-paced and gives students a chance to speed up or slow down as necessary.
          Learning is self-directed, allowing students to choose content and tools appropriate to their differing interests, needs, and skill levels.
          Accommodates multiple learning styles using a variety of delivery methods geared to different learners; more effective for certain learners.
          Geographical barriers are eliminated, opening up broader education options.
          24/7 accessibility makes scheduling easy and allows a greater number of people to attend classes.
          On-demand access means learning can happen precisely when needed.
          Travel time and associated costs (parking, fuel, vehicle maintenance) are reduced or eliminated.
          Overall student costs are frequently less (tuition, residence, food, child care).
          Fosters greater student interaction and collaboration.
          Fosters greater student/instructor contact.
          Enhances computer and Internet skills.
e-Learning - Types
          Off-line Learning
          On-line Learning
         Synchronous on-line learning
         Asynchronous on-line learning
Off-line Learning
          Off-line : When a computer or other device is not turned on or connected to other devices, it is said to be ‘off-line’
          Offline can also mean not being connected to the Internet.
          “Off-line learning refers to the use of the off-line                 e-resources to deliver a broad array of solutions that enhance knowledge and performance”
          Offline Learning expands the learning experience to remote students who are not connected to a network.
Off-line learning -Importance
          E-learning is possible without internet connection.
          Individualized learning is possible.
          Enhance multisensory  and multimedia approach.
          Learner can learn according to his own learning pace.
          Learner can access valid information.
          Increases learning effectiveness.
          Is more appealing over traditional, lecture-based teaching methods.
          Frees the learner from routine tasks.
          Creates interest in students.
On-line learning
          Online learning can be defined as an approach to learning that utilizes Internet technologies to communicate and collaborate in an educational context.
          This includes technology that supplements traditional classroom learning with web-based components and learning environments where the educational process is experienced online.
Synchronous on-line learning
          Synchronous online learning those that require students and instructors to be online at the same time.
          Lectures, discussions, and presentations occur at a specific hour.
          All students must be online at that specific hour in order to participate.
          Synchronous on-line learning takes place through online lessons guided by the instructor using video conferencing, Internet radio and chat where the students login in real-time with the teacher.
Synchronous Online learning Elements
          Text Chatting
          Voice Chatting
          Video conferencing
          Web conferencing
          Internet radio
Asynchronous on-line learning
          Asynchronous on-line learning allows the learner to complete web-based learning at their own pace, without live interaction with the instructor.
          Instructors provide materials, lectures, tests, and assignments that can be accessed at any time.
          Students may be given a timeframe – usually a one week window – during which they need to connect at least once or twice with instructors.
Asynchronous Online learning Elements
          Virtual Libraries/Repositories of Documents, Presentations, Graphics, Audio Files, and Video
          Discussion Boards
          Social Networking
On-line learning -Importance
          Enhancing student-to-student and faculty-to-student communication.
          Enabling student-centered teaching approaches.
          Providing 24/7 accessibility to course materials.
          Providing just-in-time methods to evaluate student progress.
          Shy and anxious students feel more comfortable expressing ideas.
          Instructors are more accessible
          Online learning environments permit the instructor to build one course, yet implement a variety of resources, so students can utilize materials in whichever way works best for them.
          Accommodate different learning styles
          Provide opportunities for exploration (A careful systematic search)
          Continual access to materials
          Remove the necessity of physical attendance
          Utilize time efficiently
          Reduce faculty workload
          Moodle is a software package for producing Internet-based courses and web sites.
          Moodle (abbreviation for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) is a free source e-learning software platform, also known as a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE).
          Moodle was originally developed by Martin Dougiamas to help educators create online courses
          The design and development of Moodle is guided by a "social constructionist pedagogy".
          Constructionism asserts that learning is particularly effective when constructing something for others to experience.
features of Moodle
          Assignment submission
          Discussion forum
          Files download
          Moodle instant messages
          Online calendar
          Online news and announcement
          Online quiz
          Online chat may refer to any kind of communication over internet, that offers a real-time direct transmission of text-based messages from sender to receiver.
          Through chatting you can share all the stuff in your mind and videos, photos, files in your PC.
          It just require you a PC, internet connection and a chatting software.
          Online chat may address point-to-point communication as well as multicast communication.
          Types of chat – Text Chat, Voice Chat, Video Chat etc.
List of Most Common Chat Programs
          Facebook Messenger
          Google Talk
          MSN Messenger
          Paltalk Messenger
          Windows Live Messenger
          Yahoo! Instant Messenger
Chatting - Importance
          provides the opportunity to interact and learn with and from people from different cultures.
          Collaborative learning towards knowledge construction.
          No restrictions regarding location.
          Can chat and talk with same minded friends online
          Can take various classes like teaching, cooking, and many other classes as well through chat.
          Made world as a small village for the internet users.
          The chatting engines have made the communication very simple and affordable for the people.
          To share and gain information
          What is e-mail?
          E-mail implies electronic mail.
          It is a system through which messages can be send between computers that are linked electronically over a network.
          The e-mail address will have two parts to it
          Domain name
Essential things for sending e-mail.
          Internet connection
          Address (e-mail account) of the sender.
          Address (e-mail account) of the receiver.
          The content of the message.
How to have an e-mail account in Yahoo . com?
          Open the browser.
          Go to the site by typing on the location. (
          Click on ‘Create Email Account’ button.
          An Account creation form will be displayed
          Enter all information.
          After filling up all the information, click on ‘Create My Account’ button.
How to handle incoming e-mails?
          Open the browser.
          Go to the site.
          Click on e-mail button.
          Enter your e-mail address and password.
          Click on ‘sign in’ or press ‘enter’ button.
          Various buttons like compose, send, forward, reply will be displayed.
          To see the e-mail, click on ‘inbox’.
          Mail can be read by double clicking on that mail.
How to handle incoming e-mails?
          To send an e-mail
         Click on ‘compose’ button.
         Enter receiver’s address in ‘To address’ box.
         Type the message and Click on ‘send’ button.
          To reply
         Click on ‘reply’ button.
         Type the message and Click on ‘send’ button.
          To forward the e-mail
         Click on ‘forward’ button.
         Enter receiver’s address in ‘to address’ box and Click on ‘send' button.
          A blog (web log) is a discussion or informational site published on the World Wide Web ‘posts’ typically displayed in reverse chronological order (the most recent post appears first).
          A majority of blogs are interactive, allowing visitors to leave comments and even message.
          A typical blog combines text, images, videos and link to other blogs and websites and other media related to its topic.
          Authoring a blog, maintaining a blog or adding an article to an existing blog is called blogging.
          Individual article on the blog are called ‘blog posts’ or ‘posts’ or ‘entries’.
          A person post these entries is called ‘blogger’
Blog - Types
          Personal blogs
          Micro blogs
          Corporate and organizational blogs
          By genre
         political blogs
         health blogs
         travel blogs
         fashion blogs
         project blogs
         education blogs
         classical music blogs
          Reverse blog (A Reverse Blog is composed by its users rather than a single blogger)
          By media type
         Photo blogs
         Link blogs
         typecast blogs
         Tumblelogs (Blogs with shorter posts and mixed media types
Blog - Importance
          A blog is a webpage that serve as a publically accessible journal for an individual.
          Students can quickly catch-up if they miss a class.
          The teacher can use the blog as a course plan.
          Student can use blog as reference area.
           blogs can be used to motivate students to do more reading and encourage them to improve their writing style.
          Blogs can be used to bring out the diversity in the class room in terms of learning style.
Top 10 Free Online Blogging Platforms

          TypePad Micro
          Posterous Spaces
          Definition: Teleconferencing is an aggregation of audio conferencing, video conferencing, and data conferencing (refers to a communication session among two or more participants sharing computer data in real time. ), and includes multiple participants in a live real-time session.          
          Teleconferencing consists of a live real time session between multiple participants with the ability to hear and see each other as well as share data and applications.
Teleconferencing - Type
          Teleconferencing may be classified into three according to the use of media
         Audio teleconferencing
         Video teleconferencing
         Computer Teleconference
         Audio graphic teleconferencing
          Audio Teleconference:
         Voice-only; sometimes called conference calling. Interactively links people in remote locations via telephone lines.
          Video Teleconference:
         Combines audio and video to provide voice communications and video images. Can be one-way video/two-way audio, or two-way video/two-way audio. It can display anything that can be captured by a TV camera
          Computer Teleconference:
         Uses telephone lines to connect two or more computers and modems. Anything that can be done on a computer can be sent over the lines. It can be synchronous or asynchronous.
          Audiographics Teleconference:
         Uses narrowband telecommunications channels to transmit visual information such as graphics, alpha-numerics, documents, and video pictures as an adjunct to voice communication
          Skype is a proprietary (Protected by trademark or patent or copyright)  VoIP (voice over Internet Protocol) service and software application.
Skype - Features
          Registered users of Skype are identified by a unique Skype Name, and may be listed in the Skype directory.
          Skype allows these registered users to communicate through both instant messaging and voice chat.
          Voice chat allows telephone calls between pairs of users and conference calling
          Skype's text chat client allows group chats, emoticons, storing chat history and editing of previous messages.
          Offline messages were implemented in a beta of version 5, but removed after a few weeks without notification.
          Skype service allows Skype users to receive calls on their computers dialed by conventional phone subscribers to a local Skype phone number.
          Skype supports conference calls up to 25 people at a time.
          Group video calling is available for Premium subscribers between a maximum of 10 people.
          Skype has 663 million registered users as of EOY 2010.
Skype - Educational use
          Skype is being used to facilitate language exchange.
          Teachers are using Skype in unique ways to fulfill educational goals.
          The videoconferencing aspect of the software is provides a way to connect students who speak different languages and reach out to experts in varying fields of study.
          It provides teachers with a way to make their classrooms more interactive and interesting.
          teachers and students can meet other students, talk to experts, and share ideas.
          Teachers can collaborate with other teachers around the world and design different learning experiences for their students.
          Sunclock is a software application that delineates the countries experiencing day or night at a given time on a world map using light and shade.
          Time differences across countries, distances between regions, and longitudes and latitudes of various places are available on Sunclock.
          Sunclock offers geographical information including positions of the sun and the moon at a given time on a given day.
          K-Star is free, open source Astronomy software.
          It provides an accurate graphical simulation of the night sky, from any location of the earth, at ant date and time.
          The display includes up to 100 million stars, 13000 deep sky objects, all 8 planets, the Sun and Moon, and thousand of comets and asteroids.
          Helps to explore the Universe.
          Helps to access information on sky objects.
          Helps to print high quality, highly customizable star charts at different zoom level for each object.
Role of the Teacher in Computer Mediated Learning
          Helps to search for information.
          Helps to analyze the learning materials.
          Helps in editing the information.
          Helps in presentation of information.
          Provides feedback.
          Gives directions for the effective use of I.T

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